When the tickle in your throat turns into a full-blown cough, over-the-counter (OTC) cough syrups can be your first line of defence. These syrups help tackle various types of coughs, from the dry, irritating kind that keeps you up at night to the wet, productive kind that helps clear mucus from your airways. They come in various formulations, each targeting specific symptoms and providing relief so you can get back to feeling like yourself again. Read More…

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    • About the Condition: Coughs and Colds

      Coughs and colds are frequent nuisances, especially during chilly seasons or for those with weakened immune systems. A cough can be dry or produce mucus, while colds often bring on a stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, and a sore throat. Several viruses can spark a cold, with rhinoviruses being the usual culprits. The cold virus can invade your body through your mouth, eyes, or nose and spreads easily through the air or by touching contaminated surfaces. While these conditions are usually mild, they can lead to complications like ear infections, sinusitis, or even pneumonia, particularly in young children or those with chronic health issues.

    • Symptoms

      Common symptoms include a sore throat, which can be accompanied by pain, irritation, or a scratchy sensation. Nasal congestion is also common, making it difficult to breathe through the nose. This congestion often leads to a runny nose, with clear or coloured discharge. Coughing is a hallmark symptom, which can be dry or produce mucus. Chest discomfort or a feeling of tightness may accompany the cough. These symptoms are typically mild but can be bothersome and affect daily activities. In more severe cases, symptoms may include difficulty breathing, chest pain, or coughing up blood, which require immediate medical attention

    • Diagnosis

      Diagnosing coughs and colds typically involves a healthcare provider examining the patient and discussing their symptoms. In many cases, no specific tests are needed, and the diagnosis is based on the patient’s history and physical examination. However, in some instances, especially if symptoms are severe or prolonged, additional tests such as a throat swab or blood tests may be performed to rule out other possible causes, such as strep throat or influenza.

    • Treatment

      Over-the-counter (OTC) cough syrups can be effective in managing and alleviating symptoms associated with coughs and colds. These syrups often contain active ingredients that target different aspects of the condition, providing relief and comfort.

      Highlighted products:

      Benylin Chesty Cough Original – Relief from Common Cold Symptoms: This syrup contains Diphenhydramine and Levomenthol, which can help relieve chesty coughs and congestion commonly associated with colds.
      Pholcodine Linctus Cough Syrup 200ml – Soothes Dry or Irritating Coughs: With Pholcodine as the active ingredient, this syrup is designed to soothe and suppress dry or irritating coughs, providing relief from persistent coughing.
      Night Nurse Syrup 160ml – Relieves Cold and Flu Symptoms: This syrup, containing Paracetamol, Promethazine, and Dextromethorphan Hydrobromide, is formulated to relieve symptoms such as fever, aches, pains, and coughing, particularly effective for night time use.
      Paracetamol Oral Suspension – Relieves Pain and Fever: Paracetamol is a common ingredient in cough syrups and can effectively reduce pain and fever associated with colds and flu, providing relief for both adults and children over 6 years of age.

      These over-the-counter cough syrups can help you manage the condition and feel more comfortable during the recovery process. Always follow the recommended dosage instructions and consult with a healthcare professional if symptoms persist or worsen.

    • Prevention Strategies

      Preventing coughs and colds often involves practising good hygiene and adopting healthy lifestyle habits. Here are some tips to help prevent these conditions:

      Frequent Handwashing: Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, especially after being in public places or touching surfaces that may be contaminated
      Avoiding Close Contact: Try to avoid close contact with people who are sick to reduce the risk of catching infections.
      Boosting Your Immune System: Eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Consider taking supplements like vitamin C or zinc, which may help support your immune system.
      Staying Hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids to keep your body hydrated, which can help prevent the build-up of mucus in your throat and lungs.
      Getting Adequate Rest: Ensure you get enough sleep to help your body recover and maintain a strong immune system.
      Avoiding Smoking and Exposure to Smoke: Smoking and exposure to second-hand smoke can weaken your immune system and make you more susceptible to infections.
      Practising Respiratory Etiquette: Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow when you cough or sneeze to prevent the spread of germs.
      Keeping Your Environment Clean: Regularly clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as doorknobs, countertops, and phones, to reduce the spread of germs.

      By following these preventive measures, you can reduce your risk of developing coughs and colds and maintain better overall health.