Acute sinusitis

Sinusitis, also known as rhinosinusitis, is a common condition affecting millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the lining of the sinuses becomes inflamed, leading to symptoms that can impact your daily life. At My Pharmacy, we are committed to providing comprehensive information and effective treatments to help you manage this condition.

Sinusitis is the inflammation of the sinuses, which are air-filled cavities located within the bones around the nose. This inflammation can cause a blockage of the sinus openings, leading to a build-up of mucus and pressure within the sinuses. Sinusitis can be acute, lasting for a short period, or chronic, persisting for several weeks or longer.

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    • What are the symptoms of sinusitis?

      The symptoms of sinusitis can vary depending on the severity and type of infection. Common symptoms include:

      • Nasal congestion or stuffiness
      • Thick, discoloured nasal discharge
      • Pain and pressure around the face, especially around the nose, eyes, and forehead
      • Reduced sense of smell and taste
      • Cough, often worse at night
      • Sore throat and postnasal drip
      • Ear pain and pressure
      • Headache
      • Fatigue and general malaise
      • Fever (more common in acute sinusitis)

      Causes and Risk Factors

      Sinusitis can be caused by various factors, including:

      • Viral infections, such as the common cold
      • Bacterial infections
      • Allergies, such as hay fever
      • Nasal polyps or tumours
      • Deviated nasal septum
      • Exposure to irritants like smoke, pollution, and strong chemicals

      Certain conditions and lifestyle factors can increase your risk of developing sinusitis, including asthma, cystic fibrosis, immune system disorders, and smoking.

    • Diagnosis and treatment of Sinusitis

      Diagnosis of sinusitis typically involves a physical examination, review of symptoms, and sometimes imaging tests like X-rays or CT scans. In cases of chronic or recurrent sinusitis, allergy testing or endoscopic examinations may be necessary.

      Treatment for sinusitis aims to reduce inflammation, clear the nasal passages, and treat any underlying infection or allergies. Options include:

      Over-the-counter decongestants and nasal sprays to relieve congestion
      Saline nasal irrigation to flush out mucus
      Pain relievers to alleviate sinus pain and headaches
      Antibiotics for bacterial infections
      Corticosteroids to reduce inflammation
      Allergy treatments, such as antihistamines or immunotherapy
      Surgery for severe cases or structural problems

    • Pharmacy First Service for Sinusitis

      At My Pharmacy, we offer the Pharmacy First service, allowing you to access expert advice and treatment for sinusitis without needing a doctor’s appointment. Our expert pharmacists can assess your symptoms, recommend appropriate treatments, and provide guidance on managing your condition effectively.

    • Prevention and Self-Care

      While it’s not always possible to prevent sinusitis, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk and manage symptoms:

      Practise good hygiene to prevent infections

      Manage allergies with regular treatment and by avoiding triggers

      Use a humidifier to keep the air moist and prevent sinus dryness

      Stay hydrated to thin mucus and promote drainage

      Avoid exposure to irritants like tobacco smoke and pollution

      Practise nasal irrigation with saline solutions to keep sinuses clear

      Seeking Medical Attention

      If your symptoms persist for more than 10 days, worsen, or are accompanied by a high fever, it’s important to seek medical attention. Chronic or recurrent sinusitis may require a referral to an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialist for further evaluation and treatment.

    • Contact My Pharmacy for Comprehensive Sinusitis Care

      At My Pharmacy, we are dedicated to providing high-quality health services and information to help you manage sinusitis and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Visit us for personalised advice, effective treatments, and support in managing your sinus health.