Genital Herpes

Our Genital Herpes Treatment category features a selection of antiviral medications tailored to control and ease the symptoms of genital herpes. This common STI, often caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), results in painful blisters and sores around the genital area. Effective treatment not only enhances comfort but also lowers the risk of spreading the virus.

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    • About Genital Herpes

      Genital herpes is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). This condition is highly contagious and can be transmitted through sexual contact with an infected individual, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex.

      Transmission and Infection Rates: Genital herpes is chiefly transmitted through sexual activities, with HSV-2 being the more common cause of genital outbreaks. It can also be spread even when the infected person shows no visible symptoms, due to asymptomatic viral shedding.

      Impact of HSV-1 and HSV-2: While HSV-2 infections are predominantly associated with genital symptoms, HSV-1, traditionally known for causing cold sores, can also lead to genital herpes through oral-genital contact. This crossover highlights the importance of protection during all forms of sexual activity.

    • Symptoms

      Genital herpes exhibits specific symptoms that vary between initial outbreaks and subsequent episodes. Here are the common symptoms associated with genital herpes:

      Initial Outbreak:

      ● Painful blisters or ulcers on the genital area, buttocks, or thighs.
      ● Itching or tingling sensations in the affected area before the appearance of blisters.
      ● Flu-like symptoms, including fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, and body aches.
      ● Pain during urination due to urine touching the sores.

      Recurrent Outbreaks:

      ● Recurrence of blisters or sores in the genital area, often less severe than the initial outbreak.
      ● Some people may experience prodromal symptoms such as itching or tingling at the site of the outbreak before the sores appear.

      Asymptomatic Cases:

      ● Many individuals do not exhibit visible symptoms, which is a significant factor in the unnoticed spread of the virus.

      The symptoms of genital herpes can vary significantly between individuals and may be influenced by the type of virus (HSV-1 or HSV-2) causing the infection. It’s important for those experiencing potential symptoms of genital herpes or those who are sexually active to undergo regular screenings and consult healthcare providers for management and treatment options.

    • Diagnosis

      Genital herpes is diagnosed through several methods, allowing healthcare providers to accurately identify the presence of the herpes simplex virus (HSV):

      ● Physical Examination: Healthcare professionals often start with a physical exam, particularly looking at any sores. This initial assessment can provide quick indicators of a herpes infection.
      ● Viral Culture Test: This involves taking a tissue sample or swab from the sores and testing it in a lab. This test is most effective when the sore is new because it captures the virus more reliably during its active phase.
      ● Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Test: PCR testing is highly sensitive and used to detect the presence of the virus’s DNA in a sample from a sore, blood, or spinal fluid. It can distinguish between HSV-1 and HSV-2, providing detailed information about the type of herpes infection.
      ● Blood Tests: These tests can identify antibodies to the herpes virus, even if you are asymptomatic. They help determine if you have been previously exposed to the virus, which is crucial for understanding your herpes status, especially in the absence of symptoms.
      ● Immunofluorescence Assay: This test uses antibodies that glow under a specific light to detect herpes virus on cells taken from a sore. It’s another effective way to confirm herpes presence.

      These diagnostic tools are critical for managing the condition effectively, as they help confirm the infection and guide appropriate treatment plans.

    • Treatment

      Prescription medications for genital herpes focus on managing symptoms and reducing the frequency of outbreaks. These antiviral drugs help lessen the severity of symptoms, shorten the duration of outbreaks, and in many cases, reduce the frequency at which outbreaks occur:

      Aciclovir 400mg Tablets:

      ● Antiviral Medication: Aciclovir treats infections caused by the herpes simplex virus effectively.
      ● Usage: Typically used to reduce the number of herpes outbreaks.
      ● Benefit: Helps to decrease the severity and length of acute symptoms when an outbreak occurs.

      Valaciclovir 500mg Tablets:

      ● Stops Further Growth of The Virus: Valaciclovir is effective in treating herpes by interfering with the virus’s ability to replicate.
      ● Effective Treatment for Herpes: It helps to treat the symptoms of herpes and can be used as a suppressive therapy to reduce or prevent transmission of the virus.

      Valtrex 500mg Tablets:

      ● Treatment for Genital Herpes: Valtrex (valaciclovir) is used to manage herpes symptoms and control outbreaks.
      ● Active Ingredient: Valaciclovir, which helps reduce the virus’s ability to spread and lessens the intensity of the infection.

      Instillagel Pre-filled Syringes – 10 x 11 ml Pre-filled Syringes:

      ● Local Anesthetic Gel: Works immediately to provide relief from pain and discomfort due to herpes outbreaks.
      ● Easy to Apply: Supplied in pre-filled sterile syringes for convenient and hygienic application.

      These medications are part of a comprehensive approach to managing genital herpes, aiming to enhance the quality of life for those affected.

    • Prevention Strategies

      To effectively prevent genital herpes, incorporating these measures can reduce the risk of transmission:

      ● Consistent Use of Barriers: Utilize latex condoms and dental dams during all sexual activities (vaginal, anal, oral) to significantly lower the chance of transmission.
      ● Limit Number of Sexual Partners: Reducing the number of sexual partners decreases the likelihood of encountering the virus.
      ● Avoid Sex During Outbreaks: Refrain from sexual contact when signs of herpes are present, such as sores or prodromal symptoms like tingling.
      ● Regular STI Screenings: Both partners should undergo regular screenings for STIs, including herpes, to ensure early detection and management.
      ● Suppressive Therapy: For those with herpes, daily antiviral medication can decrease the likelihood of transmission to their uninfected partner.
      ● Educational Awareness: Understanding the ways herpes can be transmitted and recognizing early signs can help individuals take timely preventative actions.
      ● Avoid Intercourse with Symptomatic Individuals: Do not engage in sexual activity with partners who have visible sores or symptoms of an outbreak.