Asthma is a common lung condition that causes occasional breathing difficulties.
It affects people of all ages and often starts in childhood, although it can also develop for the first time in adults.
There’s currently no cure, but there are simple treatments that can help keep the symptoms under control so it doesn’t have a big impact on your life.
The main symptoms of asthma are:
wheezing (a whistling sound when breathing)
a tight chest, which may feel like a band is tightening around it
The symptoms can sometimes get temporarily worse. This is known as an asthma attack.
Several conditions can cause similar symptoms, so it’s important to get a proper diagnosis and correct treatment.
Your GP will usually be able to diagnose asthma by asking about symptoms and carrying out some simple tests.
Asthma self-assessment tool
The main types are:
reliever inhalers – used when needed to quickly relieve asthma symptoms for a short time (e.g salbutamol)
preventer inhalers (steroid) – used every day to prevent asthma symptoms occurring
Some people also need to take tablets.
Causes and triggers
Asthma is caused by swelling (inflammation) of the breathing tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. This makes the tubes highly sensitive, so they temporarily narrow.
It may occur randomly or after exposure to a trigger. Common asthma triggers include:
allergies – to house dust mites, animal fur or pollen, for example
smoke, pollution and cold air
infections like colds or flu
Identifying and avoiding your asthma triggers can help you keep your symptoms under control.
What is Salamol?
Salamol contains the active ingredient salbutamol, a medicine that belongs to the class of bronchodilators. The active ingredient is inhaled through the use of an inhaler or a nebuliser, to allow it to act directly in the lungs where it works fast in relieving asthma attacks, shortness or breath, or chest tightness.
Salamol inhalers can be used shortly before exercising if your asthma is usually triggered after exercise. You can also use it if you know that you will be exposed to allergens that will trigger your wheezing, such as pollen or pet fur. Salamol will open your airways and help prevent wheezing.
How does Salamol work?
Salamol is available as a CFC-free inhaler, Salamol easi-breathe CFC-free inhaler, and Salamol steri-nebs, which all contain the active ingredient salbutamol. Salbutamol works by acting on receptors in the lungs called beta 2 receptors. The medicine causes the muscles in the airways to relax and allows the opening of the airways for easy breathing.
In asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the airways become narrowed, making it difficult for the air to get in and out of the lungs. By opening the airways, salbutamol makes breathing easier. Salbutamol works within a few minutes of taking a dose, with its effects lasting for four to six hours.
What are the benefits of using Salamol?
Salamol is effective in providing immediate relief from the symptoms of asthma. Salbutamol, the active ingredient in Salamol effectively cause the muscles in the airways to relax to allow its opening for easy breathing.
Salamol effectively relieves the symptoms of an asthma attack in a few minutes.
How do I use Salamol?
When using Salamol, always follow the order of your doctor or the instructions in the information leaflet that comes with the product package. Your doctor will tell you how many puffs to use each day. Do not exceed the doctor’s prescribed dose.
You should learn how to correctly use your inhaler in order to get the right amount of medication into your lungs. Instructions will also be provided with the inhaler. You can request your doctor or nurse to demonstrate to you the proper use of the inhaler.
Salamol CFC-free inhaler is a metered dose inhaler. It delivers the medicine as a fine mist or spray. You need to coordinate the pressing down of the canister and the breathing in of the spray. If you find it difficult to use Salamol inhaler because of difficulty to press down the canister, you can use a spacer device to make the use of the inhaler easier.
Salamol Easi-breathe inhaler is a breath-actuated inhaler. You need to put the mouthpiece to your lips and take a deep, steady breathe to take a dose of the medicine. Do not stop breathing when you feel the puff in your mouth. It is important that you keep breathing in after the release of the puff.
Salamol is used for the relief of an acute asthma attack. Be sure to follow the instructions and the dose recommended by your doctor. Salamol inhalers or steri-nebs can be used to prevent breathing problems. It should be used about 10 minutes before exercising or exposure to allergens to open up the airways.
The normal dose for adults
1 or 2 puffs of salbutamol when you need it
up to a maximum of 4 times in 24 hours (regardless of whether you have 1 puff or 2 puffs at a time)
Asthma attacks can get worse very quickly. If you are struggling to breathe or have asthma symptoms that are not getting better, go to hospital immediately or call an ambulance.
How to use your inhaler
How to use a Small Volume Spacer
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may happen with this medicine:
Allergic Reactions (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
If you have an allergic reaction, stop taking Ventolin Evohaler and see a doctor straight away.
Talk to your doctor as soon as possible if:
you feel your heart is beating faster or stronger than usual (palpitations). This is usually harmless, and usually stops after you have used the medicine for a while
you may feel your heartbeat is uneven or it gives an extra beat
these may affect up to 1 in 10 people.
Tell your doctor if you have any of the following side effects which may also happen with this medicine:
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
mouth and throat irritation
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
a low level of potassium in your blood
increased blood flow to your extremities (peripheral dilatation).
Very rare (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people)
changes in sleep patterns and changes in behaviour, such as restlessness and excitability.
These are not all the side effects of salbutamol. For a full list see the Patient information leaflet.