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Allergic Asthma: Symptoms and Treatment Options

Allergic asthma is a prevalent and often debilitating condition where the airways become inflamed and narrowed due to exposure to specific allergens. It combines the characteristics of asthma with allergic reactions, making it essential to understand both aspects for effective management. Allergic asthma is particularly significant because it can affect people of all ages and often interferes with daily activities and overall quality of life. Proper diagnosis and treatment are vital in controlling symptoms and preventing severe asthma attacks.

Symptoms of Allergic Asthma

Allergic asthma symptoms can vary from mild to severe and may include:

  • Shortness of Breath: Difficulty in breathing, especially after exposure to allergens.
  • Wheezing: A whistling sound when breathing, typically more pronounced during exhalation.
  • Coughing: Persistent cough that can worsen at night or early in the morning.
  • Chest Tightness: Feeling of pressure or tightness in the chest, often accompanied by discomfort.
  • Stuffy or Runny Nose: Nasal congestion or a runny nose due to allergy exposure.

Allergic and Non-Allergic Asthma

Asthma can be broadly categorized into allergic and non-allergic types. Allergic asthma is triggered by inhaled allergens such as pollen, dust mites, mold, and pet dander. It involves the immune system reacting to these substances, leading to airway inflammation and constriction. Non-allergic asthma, on the other hand, is triggered by factors such as stress, exercise, cold air, smoke, and respiratory infections. Understanding the type of asthma is crucial for tailoring the treatment approach, as the management strategies may differ significantly between the two.

Symptoms of Allergic Asthma

Causes and Triggers

Allergic asthma is triggered by the body’s immune response to inhaled allergens. Common triggers include:

● Pollen: Commonly from trees, grasses, and weeds.
● Dust Mites: Microscopic organisms found in household dust.
● Mold Spores: Found in damp areas and outdoors.
● Pet Dander: Skin flakes from animals.
● Cockroach Droppings: Particles from cockroaches in the environment.


Diagnosing allergic asthma involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and specific tests:

● Spirometry: Measures lung function and airflow.
● Bronchoprovocation Testing: Tests airway sensitivity using substances like methacholine.
● Allergy Testing: Identifies specific allergens through skin tests or blood tests.

Treatment Options

Avoidance of Allergens

Identifying and minimising exposure to allergens is a key strategy:

● Regular Cleaning: Frequent dusting and vacuuming to reduce dust mites and pet dander.
● Air Filters: Using HEPA filters in air conditioners and purifiers.
● Pollen Management: Keeping windows closed during high pollen seasons and using protective gear outdoors.

Allergic Asthma Treatment Options


Several medications can help manage allergic asthma:

● Inhaled Corticosteroids: Reduce inflammation and prevent asthma attacks.
● Leukotriene Modifiers: Such as montelukast, help control both asthma and allergy symptoms.
● Long-acting Beta Agonists (LABAs): Help relax airway muscles and improve breathing.
● Immunotherapy: Allergy shots or sublingual tablets to gradually desensitise the immune system to specific allergens.

Emergency Treatment

For acute asthma attacks, quick-relief medications are essential:

● Rescue Inhalers: Short-acting beta agonists (SABAs) like albuterol provide rapid relief during an asthma attack.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies

In addition to medical treatments, lifestyle changes can significantly impact asthma management:

● Regular Exercise: Improves lung function and overall health. Choose activities that are less likely to trigger symptoms.
● Healthy Diet: Maintaining a balanced diet can help strengthen the immune system.
● Stress Management: Techniques like yoga and meditation can help reduce asthma triggers related to stress.

Product Recommendations

For effective management of allergic asthma, consider these products available on My Pharmacy:

Clarityn Allergy Tablets: Provides relief from allergy symptoms.
Benadryl Allergy Relief Capsules: Effective for managing hayfever and other allergic reactions.
Beconase Nasal Spray: Reduces nasal inflammation and congestion.
Cetirizine Hydrochloride Tablets: Non-drowsy antihistamine for allergy relief.

Managing allergic asthma involves a comprehensive approach that includes avoiding triggers, using appropriate medications, and making lifestyle adjustments. Regular consultations with healthcare providers are essential to tailor the treatment plan to individual needs and ensure effective control of symptoms.

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