Allergy Relief

If you’re experiencing sneezing and sniffling, it might be time to consider allergy protection. At My Pharmacy, we offer a selection of prescription nasal sprays, such as Nasonex and Avamys, that target allergy symptoms effectively. For those seeking non-prescription options, our over-the-counter allergy medicines provide strong relief. Visit us to find the right allergy medicine for your needs.

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    • About the Condition: Allergies

      Allergies are a widespread chronic condition where the immune system reacts excessively to substances that are typically harmless to most people. These substances, known as allergens, can include pollen, dust, certain foods, insect stings, animal dander, mold, certain medications, and latex. When exposed to an allergen, the immune system mistakenly identifies it as a threat and produces Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. These antibodies lead to the release of histamine and other chemicals, resulting in allergic reactions. Symptoms can range from mild irritations, like sneezing and itchy eyes, to severe, life-threatening reactions known as anaphylaxis. Allergies can also exacerbate other conditions, such as asthma, and impact various parts of the body including the nose, lungs, throat, skin, and gastrointestinal tract.

    • Symptoms of Allergies

      Allergic reactions manifest through a variety of symptoms, which can range from mild to severe. Here are the most common symptoms associated with allergies:

      • Sneezing: Often accompanied by a runny or stuffy nose.
      • Itchy, Watery Eyes: Commonly referred to as allergic conjunctivitis.
      • Itchy Nose, Mouth, or Throat: A sensation that can be particularly bothersome.
      • Hives: Raised, itchy red patches on the skin.
      • Swelling: Particularly around the eyes, lips, or tongue, known as angioedema.
      • Coughing and Wheezing: Indicative of respiratory reaction, possibly leading to asthma-like symptoms.
      • Skin Rash: Can include eczema or allergic contact dermatitis.
      • Shortness of Breath: This can be a more severe reaction, especially if the airways are affected.
      • Nausea and Vomiting: More commonly associated with food allergies.

      These symptoms can be triggered by various allergens such as pollen, dust, pet dander, certain foods, and insect stings, among others. It is important for individuals experiencing these symptoms to consult with healthcare providers to manage and treat the allergies effectively.

    • Diagnosis

      To diagnose allergies comprehensively, medical professionals employ several approaches that combine clinical history with specific tests. Here’s a detailed overview of the common methods used:

      • Clinical History: This is a fundamental step where the allergist collects detailed information about the patient’s symptoms, their duration, triggers, and family history of allergies. This helps in forming a preliminary understanding of the potential allergens involved.
      • Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination is conducted focusing on areas commonly affected by allergic reactions such as the skin, eyes, ears, nasal passages, and lungs. This helps in identifying physical signs of allergy.
      • Skin Tests: Skin prick tests are the most frequently used allergy tests. These involve placing a small number of suspected allergens on the skin and pricking the area so the substance goes under the skin. A reaction, such as a raised bump, indicates an allergy to that specific substance. If skin prick tests are inconclusive, intradermal tests may be used, which involve injecting a small amount of allergen into the skin.
      • Blood Tests: These measure the presence of Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies to specific allergens. Blood tests are useful when skin tests cannot be performed, such as in patients with extensive skin conditions or those taking medications that interfere with skin testing.
      • Oral Food Challenges: This is considered the gold standard for diagnosing food allergies. It involves consuming the suspected allergenic food in a controlled setting to monitor for allergic reactions. This test is conducted under strict medical supervision due to the risk of severe reactions.
      • Elimination Diet: Primarily used for diagnosing food allergies, this involves removing suspected allergens from the diet and later reintroducing them to observe potential triggers of allergic reactions.

      Preparation for these tests often requires patients to avoid certain medications, such as antihistamines and some antidepressants, which can interfere with the results. It’s important for individuals to consult with their healthcare provider about how to prepare for allergy testing to ensure accurate results.

    • Treatments

      Prescription medications for allergies are designed to alleviate symptoms by targeting specific pathways in the immune response. These medications address the symptoms of allergies through different mechanisms:

      Antihistamines like fexofenadine relieve symptoms by blocking the histamine pathways, which are primarily responsible for acute allergic reactions such as sneezing, itchiness, and runny nose.

      Nasal corticosteroids provide a broader anti-inflammatory action, addressing not only the immediate symptoms but also the underlying inflammation that contributes to chronic and seasonal allergies.

      Some highlighted products we offer:

      Fexofenadine Hydrochloride Antihistamine Tablets: Fexofenadine is a non-drowsy antihistamine, which works by blocking histamine receptors. Histamine is a chemical released by the immune system during an allergic reaction, leading to symptoms like sneezing, itching, watery eyes, and a runny nose. By inhibiting these receptors, fexofenadine prevents these symptoms, making it effective for treating seasonal allergies and hives.

      Mometasone Nasal Spray 50mcg: This is a corticosteroid nasal spray that reduces inflammation in the nasal passages. Corticosteroids are potent anti-inflammatory agents that work by suppressing the immune response, thereby reducing symptoms like nasal congestion, sneezing, and runny nose. Mometasone is particularly useful for long-term management because it helps prevent the late-phase reactions in allergic responses which can sustain symptoms.

      Telfast (Fexofenadine) – 30 Tablets: Similar to the first product, Telfast contains fexofenadine and serves the same purpose of blocking the action of histamine. The choice between different brands of fexofenadine might come down to personal preference, availability, or pricing.

      Fluticasone Aqueous Nasal Spray 50mcg (150 dose): Fluticasone nasal spray is another corticosteroid that helps reduce inflammation within the nasal passages. Like mometasone, it is useful in controlling and preventing the recurrence of nasal symptoms associated with allergies. Its action helps alleviate symptoms such as nasal congestion, sneezing, and itchy or runny nose.

    • Prevention strategies

      Here are some effective strategies to prevent allergies, focusing on environmental, food, and general exposure prevention:

      • Avoid Known Allergens: This is the most direct prevention strategy. It involves staying away from substances that trigger your allergic reactions. For instance, if you’re allergic to pollen, staying indoors on days with high pollen counts can help.
      • Use of Barrier Methods: For environmental allergies, using allergen-impermeable covers on pillows and mattresses and washing bedding in hot water regularly can reduce exposure to allergens like dust mites. Keeping indoor humidity below 50% can also help​​.
      • Dietary Management for Children: Introducing single-ingredient foods to infants one at a time over a period of three to five days can help identify potential food allergens. Early introduction of potentially allergenic foods like eggs, peanuts, and dairy, under medical supervision, may actually help prevent allergies by building tolerance early in life​ ​.
      • Control of Indoor Air Quality: Reducing indoor allergens can be crucial, especially for respiratory allergies. Regular cleaning, using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, and avoiding indoor smoking can significantly improve the quality of indoor air and reduce allergy symptoms​.
      • Breastfeeding Benefits: Breastfeeding for at least the first four to six months can strengthen a child’s immune system, potentially reducing the risk of allergies and asthma later in life​​.
      • Consultation with Allergists: Especially for children at high risk of allergies or those already showing symptoms, consulting with an allergist can be crucial. Allergists can provide tailored advice and treatment plans to manage or prevent allergies effectively​​.

      These strategies focus on minimizing exposure to allergens and strengthening the immune system’s response to potential allergens.